Everything you think about PayPal

The modern era has given us many factors of progress in all fields, especially in the financial fields, to the extent that we can carry out financial exchange for various purposes through electronic methods without the need for traditional paperwork, and one of the most prominent ways that facilitated this is the emergence of PayPal, which can be considered an electronic bank Global, what is PayPal, how can you create an account with it, and what are the possible financial methods of dealing with it? Let's find out together everything that comes to your mind about PayPal.

What is PayPal:

All you need to know about PayPal

PayPal is an e-commerce company that facilitates financial dealings between parties through online transfers. PayPal allows customers to create an account on its platform and can be linked to the user's credit card or bank account, and there is an electronic application that can be easily downloaded and all financial exchanges can be done through it.
The company allows subscribers to shop, make payments and transfer money easily. All users need to have an email address to register for an account, they must provide a credit card, debit card or bank account to complete setup and then PayPal checks all the information to make sure the person setting up the account He is the rightful owner.
After the account is created, the subscriber can use the company's website or mobile application to transfer money to others using the email address or mobile phone number of the recipient, shoppers can also choose the PayPal option to complete online purchases if the retailer has this service, here the transactions are completed Within minutes, transfers are available for immediate payment or withdrawal to a bank account.
PayPal tries to make online purchases more secure by providing a payment method that does not require the payer or payee to disclose credit card or bank account numbers, so the money is safe and privacy is protected.

How to set up a PayPal account:

Before starting, it should be noted that PayPal is not available in all Arab countries. There are some countries that the site is blocked from. As for the Arab countries in which a PayPal account can be created, they are Egypt, Saudi Arabia, Algeria, Morocco, Tunisia, Jordan, UAE, Kuwait, Qatar, Bahrain, Yemen and Oman. To create a PayPal account, you can follow the following steps

  • Open the internet browser on your computer and then go to
  • In the upper-right corner of the screen, click on the “Register” option.
  • You go to a page where you choose whether you are setting up a business or personal account, here if you are using that account simply to buy and sell or to send money to a family member or friend, you will need to choose Personal and then click Next.
  • On the next page you are asked to enter your legal first and last name and email address in addition to creating and confirming a password, after completion click Next.
  • Next you will need to enter your postal address in addition to your phone number, and when you have completed this information click on “OK and create an account”.
  • Your account will now be created.

How to add a bank account or credit card to your PayPal account:

To take advantage of PayPal's ability to send and receive money, you'll need to link a bank account or credit card to your account, and to do so, sign in to your account and then follow these steps:

  • Click on the “Wallet” option in the menu bar that runs along the top of the screen.
  • In the menu at the bottom left of the screen, click “Link a credit card” if that’s what you want to use with your account, or if you want to link your bank account itself, click on the “Link a bank account” option.
  • Enter the card or bank information you wish to link to your PayPal account and click Link Card or Link Bank Account.
  • Now you can send or receive payments from your linked card.

If you are adding a bank account it may take 2-3 days to complete as PayPal will deposit small amounts into your account which you will have to enter via the PayPal website to confirm that you own the account.

How to send money using PayPal:

You can easily send money to complete your work through the browser or through the application of the site, and here are the steps for sending through the browser

  • Launch your favorite browser and go to the PayPal website and log in.
  • Once logged in, select Submit and Request in the menu at the top of the page and click on it.
  • In the text box that appears, type the email address, username, or phone number of the person you want to send money to.
  • A popup will appear asking if the money has been sent to a friend or seller and here make sure to select “Send to a friend” as there is no charge for this.
  • Type the amount you want to send and you can also add a note at the bottom to specify the purpose of the funds. Press Continue.
  • PayPal will automatically select your preferred payment method.
  • After reviewing the recipient's information, payment amount and your preferred payment method, select "Send Payment Now." Once sent, you will receive a confirmation email and the funds will be immediately available in the recipient's PayPal account.

How to receive and transfer money:

To receive money on your PayPal account you will only need to provide the sender with one basic piece of information which is the email address your account is registered with.

Once you receive the money you may want to transfer it to your bank account and here's how to do it

  • Log in to your PayPal account.
  • Click the Transfer Funds button just below your PayPal balance and you can also access this option via the Wallet menu in the top toolbar.
  • Click Transfer to your bank.
  • Select the option to transfer funds to your bank.
  • If you have multiple bank or card accounts linked to your account, choose the account you want to transfer your money to and click Next.
  • Enter the amount you want to transfer to your bank and then click Next.
  • On the next page you will be asked to review your transfer. If all the information displayed is correct then click “Transfer Now” and your money will then be transferred to your account.

PayPal Commissions:

The PayPal commission varies according to several factors such as the country and the account, but in general, PayPal does not charge any fees for purchases, and does not charge any commission for opening an account. Also, the transfer service from one account to another and from the account to the bank is free if it is within the same country.

As for the commissions charged by PayPal, they are related to bank cards, where a percentage of the sent amount is determined for amounts up to 3000 dollars, so that the percentage is 4.9 percent.

You can also know the details of all types of commissions, especially in the case of transferring from one country to another via the PayPal website at the bottom of the page, which is usually between 1.9 to 4.9 percent.

in conclusion:

It can be said that PayPal is currently the most common method of electronic payment via the Internet. It has facilitated financial transactions in terms of online purchases, transfers between friends, and in exchange for services. Also, most stores around the world use PayPal as a primary option for electronic payment, and it is considered one of the safest methods in Electronic transfer, and in this article we have provided you with everything that comes to your mind about PayPal.

You may also be interested to know The most important digital currencies and how to invest in them

nvidia podcast app

NVIDIA Podcasts App - NVIDIA Broadcast

Our time is characterized by resorting to audio-visual methods in disseminating ideas and marketing products, especially direct broadcasting, so it was necessary to resort to a set of applications and tools that make the presented material ideal. Applications that contain audio and video options vary, including the Nvidia Podcast application, which we will talk about in this article. .

What is NVIDIA Podcasts App:

nvidia podcast app

It is an application developed for Windows 10 in order to improve the audio and video capabilities of RTX GPUs. The app can help you do it.

  • Noise removal:

This app can easily remove background noise in live chats or streams in order to make your voice clearer as unstoppable background noises such as air conditioning unit, electric fan hum, remote dog barking or room echoes are filtered using artificial intelligence.

  • Default or blurry background:

To add more fun, users can also customize a wallpaper using the default background feature or a video background and you can also use a virtual green screen and if you need a video background make sure it's in mp4 format and if you don't want to use a default background you can simply darken it.

  • Auto Frame Feature:

The NVIDIA Podcasts app can track your movement and posture all the time using artificial intelligence technology as the webcam auto-framing feature can be activated perfectly even if there is slight noise in the video due to a lot of movement.

Advantages of NVIDIA Podcasts Application:

  1. The app is free so you don't have to pay for another program that offers almost the same capabilities as turning your home setup into a professional looking studio.
  2. Integrated GPU integration designed by the same company means there are very few application errors and fixes are released regularly by NVIDIA.
  3. There is no need to install additional software on the computer to improve the video and audio quality of live broadcasts, video calls and voice calls so that anyone can take advantage of the application for live broadcasting and video conferencing.

NVIDIA Podcasts Application Requirements:

It is necessary to pay attention to the characteristics and advantages of your computer when downloading any application on it, and this application has some important requirements that are present in the device

  • GPU: NVIDIA GeForce RTX 2060, Quadro RTX 3000, TITAN RTX or higher.
  • RAM 8 GB or more.
  • CPU: Intel Core i5 8600 or AMD Ryzen r5 2600 or higher.
  • Driver: NVIDIA Studio Driver 462.46 or Game Ready Driver 465.89 and above.
  • Windows 10 64

How to install the NVIDIA Podcasts app:

Those who are looking for the complete set of audio and video features need to download the app through the following steps

  • At first you go to the official website of the application and download it.
  • After downloading the installer, open it and start the installation.
  • Restart your computer.
  • Now you can open the application.
  • There should be three tabs which are Microphone, Speakers and Camera so make sure you select the correct input device for each one.
  • Select the effects you want for each device.

For example, if you want to eliminate video noise when using a camera source, make sure you select the highest camera resolution and toggle the video removal switch to On.

Keep in mind that the more effects you enable, the more CPU resources are required to execute them and if you notice performance issues you can try disabling the effects to free up resources.

  • Check sound settings in Windows 10:

You can go to the sound system settings in Windows and set the headset or speaker as the default.

  • As for the microphone, you can use the NVIDIA Podcasts app as an input, especially if you want to take advantage of the app's noise removal feature.
  • Set up video features or live streaming apps.

The exact steps on how to configure your live or video streaming apps depends on the app and the general rule to follow is to make sure you go to the app's settings menu, check the audio and video options, and set the NVIDIA Podcasts app for each of your devices.


We can say that the NVIDIA Podcasts application is one of the popular and popular applications among all those interested in the field of marketing and owners of channels and sites, because the application has distinctive capabilities as it is easy to download and use and gives you a successful and distinctive experience.

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Read also the most important Task management apps

Task management apps

The most important task management applications in 2021

Success must be in need of proper organization and management, especially in arranging work and duties, whether at the level of individual or institutional work. In the past, the entire trend was towards paper methods in managing tasks and organizing an agenda packed with tasks, appointments, etc., but the modern era brought with it many techniques to draw attention Looking at the top task management apps that made it easy to work throughout the day, month, and year.

Task management apps

Advantages of using task management apps:

Before looking at the most important applications, it occurs to us why we may prefer to use these electronic applications instead of paper notes, which have become part of the past within a relatively short period. Here we can offer some advantages that only exist in task management applications, and we mention it

  • Organizing management:

Through a simple process in task management applications, it is possible to organize the daily activities and appointments that each team member must perform, which facilitates the documentation and traceability of operations with the ability to save them properly without fear of losing them.

  • Quick access:

The data can be accessed quickly from anywhere and at any time you want, even during holidays, so that you can view, update and modify the plan easily through any electronic device you have.

  • Ease of use:

In contrast to the traditional methods of managing tasks, task management applications do not need more than an electronic device and the Internet to start making your plan using the application, which is the opposite of the traditional methods that require a lot of papers and pamphlets that are difficult to arrange and coordinate.

  • Working as a team:

One application can be used by a team of several people where each member of the team can keep track of team tasks with ease of management by the task manager who distributes the tasks with just a click Also the manager can follow the progress of the team tasks and with time the team can grow and progress by developing the spirit of collaboration between them.

The most important task management applications:

There are many distinct task management applications that increase in number with time because of their importance and people’s choice of application varies according to the type of device, the operating program, and the purpose of use. Here we present to you a list of the most important task management applications

  • nTask:

This software ranks number one among the top task management apps that has a simple and easy-to-use user interface with a powerful set of features.

It can create master and child tasks and schedule them as one-time or recurring tasks with a record of what needs to be done. You can also create projects and associate multiple tasks under them, organize and prioritize tasks while monitoring task status.

The application contains many options such as progress reports, schedules, and project follow-up with many classroom options that save time and effort.

  • Todoist:

This application is very popular because of its features where you can create, organize and prioritize tasks, create subtasks and dependencies as well as create projects and subprojects. One of its fun features is naming tasks, customizing through color codes, adding due dates to keep track of tasks, and its most important feature is working with artificial intelligence through smart scheduling that suggests optimal dates for scheduling tasks in addition to the ability to monitor progress through color graphs.

  • Microsoft To-Do:

Microsoft To-Do is one of the best task management applications developed by the Wunderlist team that is cloud-based and allows you to create tasks from scratch or even import tasks from other tools like Wunderlist and Outlook. You can customize to-do list presentations with themes and colors, organize and prioritize tasks, add notes, and set reminders to keep tasks in check.

  • TeuxDeux:

This application can be categorized among the top task management applications as it allows you to get a visual idea of what needs to be done and with it you can create a list of things to do and rearrange them in the calendar.

Tasks can be written with the ability to drag and drop them later into other lists and the application automatically moves the task to the next day if it is not completed on time. TeuxDeux supports app sharing between up to 6 team members as well as the ability to download your lists at any time.


This app is one of the easiest apps to create and manage your tasks and it consists of task folders and simple subtasks that help in quick creation of tasks and check them when done and comes with easy drag and drop option for files.

One of the app's features is the voice input feature, which saves time writing long to-do lists, speech compensation, and recording.

As we have noted from the list of the most important task management applications, these applications have many benefits and help perform large amounts of work and tasks in a smooth and organized manner, and here the entire team must work in one spirit to achieve greater productivity and effectiveness.

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Read also What are the most important applications for reading lovers in 2021

Using the Tik Tok application in education

How to use the Tik Tok application in education

Have you ever thought that you can use the Tik Tok application in education? In fact, recently, many programs have been used in the education process, including the Tik Tok application, especially after the repercussions of the pandemic that affected the world and caused the closure of educational institutions, which drew attention to the necessity of e-learning.

What is the Tik Tok app:

It is a Chinese application launched in 2017, which is easy to use, has wide popularity and is spread all over the world and is characterized by the user's ability to publish short interesting videos with a variety of purposes with friends sharing the moments of daily life, which made it a strong competitor to the rest of the famous applications, and many modifications to the video can be added from effects and clips Audio and songs which makes it even more fun. These programs have been employed for many purposes, the most prominent of which were recently educational purposes, whether it was free education or on a regular basis, especially in public schools and others. The impact of this application on the whole cannot be denied among the youth groups who are looking for modern and innovative ways.

tik tok app in education
Using the Tik Tok application in education

Using the Tik Tok application in education:

What the professor needs to know when using the Tik Tok application in education are the laws and policies of the school and the region in which he teaches students, in addition to taking into account the needs of students and the concerns of parents, with attention to many conditions and social factors that must comply with the target group, and although education is a difficult task The Tik Tok application has facilitated the education process by creating a fun and flexible interactive environment, and here we present some of the features of using the Tik Tok application  

Features of using the Tik Tok application:

  • Students create a private channel

The teacher can choose a topic for the students and then ask them to create a list according to the list he makes and then they have to put forward their ideas followed by the evaluation and modification process and they can simply summarize the assignments through the channel.

  • Conduct mini lessons

Using the TikTok app with education requires publishing short and interesting educational videos.

  • Promote student cooperation

The use of the Tik Tok application helps to increase the students' communication with each other with the exchange of small explanatory videos and also promotes working together from a distance.

  • Possibility to learn through projects

Students can be helped to identify project ideas, collaborate during the learning process and document that process, or organize and share the results of their project.

  • permanence of use

The use of the Tik Tok application is constantly increasing and spreading all over the world and it is expected that it will continue in this way because of its popularity and ease of use.

  • Create new themes

Students can exchange new and innovative ideas and information by passing different topics within specific categories which motivate students to excel.

Ways to use the application in education:

In 2021, the application launched the “Learn through Tik Tok” initiative, an experience that went beyond the traditional method of education and had its spread, especially that the number of users of the Tik Tok application is about one billion and 800 million users around the world, with daily use by each subscriber of about an hour, which encourages the introduction of the experience Educational in the application and in the e-learning experience in this application, the term “Nano learning” was introduced, so that educational videos of between 2-5 minutes are published, but in a creative way, which requires double efforts. It is amazing the possibility of using a fun application for lofty purposes such as education. Through which the Tik Tok application can be used in education

  • provide lessons

The app is used in teachers' lesson plans by presenting the instructional video and the teacher can then ask the students to create a 15-second clip on TikTok to showcase what they have studied.

  • Submit a final project

There are millions of excellent student-created videos to showcase their finished projects in a fun way that makes collaboration easier.

  • Spreading Awareness

Groups can be set up on Tik Tok for a school or a specific area to create educational clips with motivational and encouraging clips.

  • Teachers communicate with each other

Educators can harness the power of social media to connect with each other, near and far, and spread new technologies, innovative ideas, and tips.

  • Strengthening relationships with students

Creating educational clips enables students to glimpse their lives and allows the student to get to know and interact with their teacher across the platform, creating friendships and friendships.

  •  Increase student interaction

Students can interact with each other by sending educational videos related to a teacher's hashtag that not only helps in the learning process but also helps in building strong relationships.


There are many experiences that include the use of the Tik Tok application from various fields, and its owners have achieved wide fame for their creativity in communicating information, but it can be benefited more by introducing it in schools so that students can benefit from interesting technologies for valuable and useful purposes.

Read also on the web Facebook calls itself 'Meta' in an attempt to take over Metaverse

page FB

programming languages

The most important programming languages in 2022

The information technology sector continues its rapid development, and this requires progress in a set of skills and keeping abreast of all modern software and tools that surprise us with their developments day after day.

Top 10 programming languages:

1- Programming language - Python:

It is one of the most popular and easy programming languages. It is a high-level general-purpose programming language with support for many useful libraries and web frameworks. It is also best for beginners because its syntax and language are very simple.
This programming language is used in web development, app development, mobile apps, artificial intelligence, data science, etc. It also includes popular web frameworks Django, Flask, TurboGears, and Web2Py.

2- Programming Language - JavaScript:

It is one of the web programming languages that all programmers need and although it was initially updated for front-end development only, it can now also be used for back-end development especially after the advent of NodeJS.
JavaScript is a necessary language along with HTML and CSS for front-end development as well-known giants like Facebook, Gmail, Twitter and YouTube rely on it to design an interactive front-end for their users.

3- Programming Language - Java:

It is a programming language that inspires other popular programming languages. It is among the most secure and workable programming languages and follows the concept of “write once and run anywhere”.
Interestingly, the Android operating system is based on the Java language and Android applications have been developed using this language as well.
Java is one of the versatile programming languages that can also be used to develop web applications and is ideal for building cloud-based applications due to the strength and security of the code where security is one of the main concerns in addition to this it is the primary language that many game companies use to create high quality games.

4- C++ Programming Language:

It is an easy-to-learn programming language and one of the best programming languages for those who are new to programming as a high-level multi-paradigm programming language.
There are many popular applications built using this language such as Google Chrome, Adobe, and MySQL.
It is close to low-level programming languages, which makes it compatible with system hardware, which is why many developers use it to develop new operating systems, and there are many high-level programming languages based on it and the operating systems of many small smart devices such as smart watches depend on it.

5- Programming language - Siwift:

An easy-to-understand programming language that even beginners can develop powerful and flexible applications using it. It is an easy-to-learn, open-source language that delivers performance, speed, and dynamic libraries with fewer errors.
It was used by Apple which developed the iOS platform and always brings new improvements but it is not reliable as the main language as it only works on IOS.

6- Programming Language - Matlab:

MATLAB was developed by the Dean of the College of Computer Science in New Mexico, Cliff Mueller, and later updated in the 1980s when Steve Bangert joined the project. The data can be used to make algorithms, review the results of studies, and process images

7. Programming language - c#:

This language is called C Sharp and it is an Oop based C++ language that is part of Microsoft's .NET framework for building Windows applications C # is also used to build cross-platform mobile and web applications on the Xamarin platform You can also with C # write long programs in a few Just lines with Xamarin and then publish it on both the leading mobile platforms i.e. iOS and Android simultaneously as it is considered the best in the field of virtual reality.

8- Kotlin Programming Language:

It is an open source programming language by JetBrains and is the most popular and sought after language. It is statically written that runs on the JVM and provides interoperability with Java.
It is another option for those who do not want to build Android apps using Java and it is compatible with Android Studio 3 and this is one of the main reasons why it is so widespread.


It is an easy-to-write but more efficient language developed by Robert Grissimer, Ken Thompson and Rob Pike and developed by Google to handle even the most difficult computational problems.

It is considered the advanced and modern version of C and includes compiled, statically typed, garbage collection, structural writing, and concurrency in CSP style.

10. Language-Ruby:

Ruby is also a popular programming language but it is not a modern one as it was developed in the mid-90s and has gained huge popularity over the years. Ruby is a dynamically written and interpreted object-oriented programming language.
It is very similar to Python and is used as a framework for the popular Ruby on Rails web application.

in conclusion:

This was a presentation of the 10 most important programming languages in 2022, each with its own advantages and wide uses, and the world of information will continue to amaze us with what is modern and developed to enrich the future, you also know How do I enter the field of web programming

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Facebook Metaverse

Facebook calls itself 'Meta' in an attempt to gain control of Metaverse:

Facebook Metaverse Mark Zuckerberg, CEO of Facebook, announced that the company will change its name to Meta, saying that the move reflects the fact that the company is now much broader than just a social media platform.
The rebranding came several months after Zuckerberg spoke more widely about Facebook's metaverse, in which it relied on the idea of merging the real and digital worlds more seamlessly than ever before, using technologies such as virtual reality (VR) and augmented reality (AR).
Zuckerberg has stated that he hopes that Facebook will form a new economic system, which in turn will create millions of jobs, and doubts about this announcement have varied, as some say that this is just a show by Facebook to shine its brand reputation after several years full of scandals! While other sources say that it is a real attempt to put the company on the right track!

Facebook's Journey Inside Metaverse:

Facebook Metaverse

What is wrong with him that Facebook metaverse The culmination of seven years of joint acquisition, investment and research that began with Facebook's $2 billion acquisition of virtual headset company Oculus, Oculus has continued, under Facebook's cover, to dominate the VR market with a market value of more than 60 percent, due to the great support of Advertising campaigns offered by Facebook on its platform.

Beyond Oculus, Facebook has invested heavily in VR and AR under the Facebook Reality Labs umbrella, and nearly 10,000 people are working on these technologies (20% of Facebook's workforce). Last week, Facebook announced plans to hire another 10,000 developers. In the European Union to work on its own computing platform Facebook Metaverse.

Although a lot of work has yet to be announced, Facebook Reality Labs has published some projects, which include Project Ari , which seeks to create live 3D maps of public spaces, and the recently released Ray-Ban Stories - sunglasses integrated with Facebook with 5MP cameras.

All of these investments and projects are steps toward the infrastructure of Zuckerbeg's vision for Facebook Metaverse. As said earlier

of the year:

It really makes sense for us to invest deeply to help shape what I believe will be the next major computing platform

Why does Facebook want to rule Metaverse?

Facebook Metaverse may finally come to define how we work, learn, and communicate. This means that VR and AR will transcend their current niche uses, and become the everyday technologies we will all rely on.

We can guess Facebook’s vision of metaverse by looking at its current approach to social media. It has shaped our online lives into a massive revenue stream that relies on power, control, and monitoring that is fueled by our data. For example, “VR and AR headsets collect massive amounts of data about the user and their environment, This is one of the main ethical issues around these emerging technologies, and presumably one of the main attractions of Facebook owning and developing them.

What makes this particularly concerning is that the way you move your body is so unique that VR data can be used to identify you, such as a fingerprint. This means that everything you do in virtual reality can potentially be traced back to your individual identity and thus to Facebook it is a digital advertising empire. It is based on tracking our data.

- Critics have ridiculed Facebook's privacy-related ads and described them as the scene of privacy intrusion. Access Now, a digital rights advocate who co-authored Facebook's augmented reality privacy policy in 2020, said it urged Facebook to prioritize alerting pedestrians who have been registered. by Ray-Ban Stories, confirming that her comments were ignored by Facebook.

-Is Internet a map for Facebook Metaverse:

Tony Parisi, one of the early pioneers of VR, asserts that we already have a blueprint for the dystopian Metaverse, and says we should look back to the original vision of the Internet before founding companies, which embodied “an open, collaborative, consensus-based way of developing technologies and tools.”

Facebook's rebranding, its dominance of the VR market, its apparent desire to hire every VR and AR developer in Europe, its takeover of dozens of companies - all seem less of a desire than true collaboration and consensus, and more of an attempt to dominate the next frontier of computing.

One last view:

We have made Facebook rule the world of social media. We shouldn't let her rule the world of metaverses!

Read also in the webtop Are we today more familiar with Facebook and its effects?

cyber security

cyber security

What is the definition of cyber security?

Communication over the Internet occurs in cyberspace, which is described as an electronic medium for computer networks. This vast network makes up hundreds of thousands of networked computers, servers that carry large amounts of data, routers, modems, and switches. These are connected by tens of thousands of strong fiber-optic cables that run on land and under water, known as submarine cables. As a result, maintaining these networks is everyone's responsibility, both individually and collectively.

Keeping this network secure for individuals, businesses, and governments is now a huge task that requires significant investment in both manpower and infrastructure.

cyber security

Cyber Security Concepts:

Individuals, small businesses, large organizations, and government agencies are increasingly focusing on securing their systems against all kinds of cyber threats as a result of the increasing number of cyber threats. Cybersecurity, in layman's terms, is the process of defending autonomous computers, a network of interconnected computers, individuals, organizations, government data and highly sensitive national security against malicious cyber attacks.
Cyber security principles and concepts for beginners include knowing how to protect yourself from email scams, malware, viruses, wi-fi security, financial scams, phishing, and safe use of internet resources like social media, among other things. Smartphones are becoming an increasingly important part of our daily lives and require some basic protection. To protect themselves, beginners should understand some basic ideas in cybersecurity and subscribe to antivirus software for personal computers and small business networks.

Automatic or manual two-step or three-step company data backups should be available on premises in case of data loss due to computer failure or hacking.

Cyber security courses:

Attending a basic course can help beginners understand the basics of cyber security in simple words such as securing Wi-Fi/router/modem connections, antivirus software, safe internet browsing, risks of clicking on unknown links, spotting phishing sites, common scams, and scams In SIM swapping, secure use of credit cards and digital payment apps, and more are covered in the basics. These are some of the cybersecurity basics for beginners that must be grasped before entering the cyberspace. However, before delving into this great topic, a newbie should be well versed with the basics of cyber security.

Beginners can prepare for the course by reading some materials such as

1- “Cyber Threat, Know the threat to overcome the threat, by Bob Gurley.

2- “NIST’s Cyber Security Framework.”

3- “The Five Most Common Cyber Attacks” is a list of the most common cyber attacks. from CSO.

What are the types of electronic attacks?

In recent years, there have been a large number of new types of cyber attacks. Many of them are involved in:

1- Denial-of-service attacks by sending massive spam emails or messages aimed at disrupting organizations' servers and websites.

2- Bot attacks through a network of real and fake computer systems spread across multiple continents to hide their origin. They can be used to spread social media messages and emails to target an individual or organization, refuse service, or steal confidential data.

The main areas of cybersecurity:

The CIA's triad, or core areas of cybersecurity, are confidentiality, information, and availability.
It's all about information. It all depends on the confidentiality of information about the organization. Each person only needs a certain type and level of information, and the amount of information available rises as one advances up the corporate ladder. With a password and other security methods, each employee is properly trained to secure and maintain the confidentiality of all information available to him. There is a dedicated department responsible for this for the entire organization, which is protected by a proper firewall.
This is critical to data integrity, as it ensures accuracy, reliability, and consistency of data. It should not be subject to unauthorized access, corruption, tampering or disclosure. Should this occur, there should be a well-defined procedure for threat detection and isolation, as well as data recovery. Access to information is enabled through comprehensive risk assessments and appropriate hardware and software integration. It is tailored to the type of company, the sensitivity of the information present, the overall risk profile, and all potential weaknesses.


It is the duty of every person to be familiar with some concepts of cyber security. If you want to keep pace with the times and enter the digital world, you must learn how to protect yourself from any attack that may threaten your data and privacy.

I hope that I succeeded in sharing some important ideas on this topic, and do not forget to share your opinions with us 🙂

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web programming

How do I enter the field of web programming?

The field of the web known as Web Programming or Web Development, which simply includes the design and construction of electronic pages and databases for the site.

  • According to data from, web programmers' salaries are estimated to be around $79,000 per year, and of course the number increases depending on your savvy.
  • Front end developer salaries are around $92,000 per year. In contrast, back-end web developer salary is known to be $93,000 per year.

Web programmers:

First: Front-end development

It means user interface design, and it is simply responsible for designing the shape of the site that is presented to users, and is responsible for aesthetics such as colors, page layout, and facilitating the user's use of the site.

Second: Back-end development field:

It is the section in which programming is carried out and supervises the part that you do not see on the site, such as databases. It contains all the data of site users or site products in addition to

  Server and storage management, as well as dealing with errors in the data and dealing with them.

What programming languages are used in Front-end and Back-end:

web programming

There are three techniques that we must learn to master the front-end:

  1. HTML is the language that builds the website structure
  2. CSS language, which is specific to colors, images, and formatting in the site, that is, it gives aesthetics to the structure of the site that was built with html
  3. It is the JavaScript language that adds vitality to the site and allows it to interact with the visitor, but only at the browser level

As for the back-end, the 5 most important languages that can be used in website programming are:

  • PHP
  • Java
  • Python
  • Node.js

It should be noted that it is not necessary to master all of them, it is sufficient to master one well with all its tools to be able to program your site.

When you master the skills required in the front-end and back-end then it is called a full-stack webdeveloper

If you want to become a full-stack developer, you have to take html, css, javascript, php…etc courses.
A site can help you It is a very useful site.

What are the best internationally accredited certificates in the field of web:

  • Zend PHP Certification – php
  • Zend Framework Certification – ZF
  • Programming in HTML5 Certificate with JavaScript and CSS3
  • MCSD Certification: Web Applications
  • Symfony Certification


You can also search for other certificates that may benefit you in the field of the web or to use platforms to work that make it easy for you to program and write code from scratch, such as WordPress, Laravel and others, but remember that in order to use these ready-made platforms, you must first know the web concepts that we mentioned in the previous article, Create your first website, show it to your friends, you can read an article Why do programmed sites occupy WordPress globally? On our site, we will learn in subsequent articles about useful technologies and web offices.
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Fifth generation wireless networks

Fifth generation wireless networks:

What are wireless networks - fifth generation networks?

Wireless networks are an important part of the Internet. The most popular type of wireless network is Wi-Fi, which allows computers to communicate with each other via radio waves.

The fifth generation (5G) is the next major stage of mobile wireless communication standards. It will provide improved spectral efficiency, higher data rates, lower latency and more power. 5G networks are expected to provide a wide range of new and innovative services such as virtual reality streaming and self-driving cars.

The evolution of wireless networks:

The evolution of wireless networks has occurred through the gradual introduction of new technologies, each addressing the shortcomings of its predecessor. Early systems used analog radio technology to transmit voice or data signals over long distances without the need for physical connections between stations. Digital technology replaced this technology in the 1990s, and it is now being replaced by the fourth generation (4G) standard based on Long Term Evolution (LTE).

In the late 19th century, physics professor Nikola Tesla discovered radio waves. In 1895, he was able to transmit signals a distance of one mile as the first wireless communication in history.

The evolution of wireless networks over time has been largely driven by increased consumer demand. “The 'one-size-fits-all' approach to enterprise networks just doesn't work anymore," said Sanjay Uppal, Vice President and General Manager, HPE Networking.

Wireless network technologies such as 3G and 4G have evolved over time. The first wireless networks were cellular networks. These used a wide range of frequencies across the electromagnetic spectrum, from about 800MHz to 2GHz. Cellular networks have enabled people to make phone calls using cell phones when they are away from their landline phones at home or at work.

What are the fifth generation networks:

 Fifth generation wireless networks

The fifth generation of wireless networks aims to provide access in all kinds of uses, including homes, cars, and moving objects. This network will be able to offer maximum speeds - up to 100 Mbps per device.

The idea is that you can do several things on your smartphone at the same time without losing any speed. Also, the new wireless network will be able to send data faster than existing 4G networks.

As a hyper-connected world, we have wireless networks everywhere. The fifth generation of these wireless networks is expected to be a mainstay in the Internet of Things.

Fifth generation network features:

Some of the key features of 5G wireless networks include significantly increased bandwidth, reduced latency, larger cellular coverage areas, and extremely low power consumption.

Some of the benefits of using 5G technologies:

1 - “Holographic” meetings:

The fifth generation network will allow the presentation of meetings using hologram technology at a high speed so that workers in a particular institution, regardless of the country in which they reside, can meet together as if they were in one place.

2- The speed of the games and the speed of downloading:

The fifth generation network will enable people to play large-sized games on their smartphones in high quality, after it was previously difficult to access these games except after downloading them to a computer. It will also allow downloading large-sized movies in a few seconds.
3- Smart homes:
Smart homes will use the 5G network to connect devices and control them wirelessly by phone, without the need to connect these devices to a central computer.
4- Self-driving cars:
Self-driving cars can use the 5G network to exchange information with each other, which could help reduce congestion, for example.
5- Surgical operations:
Experts say this new network could allow doctors to perform remote surgical procedures using robots and the Internet.

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